A: Chinese netizens explore the Japanese big-class transport ship
Japan’s long-planned revision of the principles of arms export management was exposed on the 25th. According to a report by the Kyodo News Agency on the 26th, the draft also clearly stated that "we can export weapons to international organizations and coastal countries with important maritime traffic routes, in addition to the previously speculated "reduction of the review criteria for the approval of arms exports." Chinese military expert Liu Jiangping told the Global Times reporter on the 26th that Japan’s disguised as self-protection poses a threat to China’s economic and energy lifeline and may affect the security and freedom of navigation of the entire region.
Kyodo News said that the new principle of this exposure has three main points: prohibiting exports in the event of confirmation of the impact on the maintenance of international peace and security; limiting the conditions for permitting exports and strictly examining them; arms exports are limited to ensuring the use and direction of the purpose The third country has implemented strict management. On the draft list of permits for the export of weapons, including the United Nations, the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
Although the draft declared "not to export weapons for economic benefits," the "Okinawa Times" editorial on the 26th countered that it is the Japanese defense industry behind the promotion of the Abe government's three principles of arms export. The Abe government has been "integrated with the government and the people" with the Japanese defense industry.
The most prominent content of the draft is to clearly put forward "safe export defense equipment that can ensure the maritime transport of resources such as oil." According to Japan's "Military Research", Japan's "Marine Energy Lifeline" is based on the Arabian Peninsula and the Mediterranean-North African countries. It is connected to the Red Sea, the Persian Gulf, the Arabian Sea, the Indian Ocean, the South China Sea, the East China Sea and the Japanese mainland. Djibouti, Yemen, Oman, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, and ASEAN countries can all be regarded as countries through which Japan’s “maritime lifeline” passes. They are all interested in Japanese weapons. If Japan’s foreign arms sales are lifted, Djibouti, India, the Philippines and Indonesia will probably be the first “coastal countries” to benefit. The Japanese Self-Defense Force has set up a P-3C anti-submarine patrol aircraft base and a warship port in Djibouti. Djibouti has obtained military and civilian equipment such as the Toyota pickup truck provided by Japan. The Kyrgyz Ministry of Defense is interested in acquiring more Japanese light weapons and military vehicles. India and Japan are also nearing completion of the US-2 amphibious patrol aircraft procurement contract, which has advantages in reverse osmosis, anti-submarine and disaster relief. If the US-2 contract is signed, more Japanese weapons will enter the Indian market in the future. Since 2012, the Philippine rental port has been docked for vessels of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force and the Coast Guard, in exchange for Japan’s second-hand patrol boat. Japan has also assisted three sea security guards in patrol boats in Indonesia in the form of “official development assistance”.
Kyodo said that Japan is considering exporting infrared sensors, searchlights and patrol boats for anti-piracy to the Philippines and Indonesia. Liu Jiangping believes that in order to reduce external resistance, the initial stage of Japan's export of weapons may be limited to military-civilian dual-use equipment or weapons parts, but it does not rule out the possibility of further improving the performance of export weapons in the future. It is particularly noteworthy that with the development of science and technology, in recent years, the phenomenon of “civilian military use” has become more and more common in the world. Especially in the field of microelectronics, the boundaries between military and civilian standards are very vague. In addition, many civil engineering machines, trucks or all-terrain vehicles can be converted into military engineering machinery and transportation platforms with a little modification, and even can be turned into "simple chariots" by adding weapons, such as civil armed forces in the Middle East and North Africa. A large number of Japanese Toyota pickups are used. The Middle East, South Asia and Southeast Asian countries prefer Japan's advanced composite materials, engines, optical / electronic components and other military accessories. The introduction of Japanese weapons products may be affected by price, logistical support and relations between major powers, and it is difficult to have a "blowout" market. .
Liu Jiangping believes that Japan’s plucking of weapons to countries along the maritime traffic line is the guise of “protecting the lifeline at sea.” However, the maritime lifeline from the Middle East and North Africa to Asia is also the same for the Asia-Pacific countries including China. It is important. Japan’s penetration of this maritime lifeline through arms sales will undoubtedly pose a threat to China’s foreign trade and economic supply. The Okinawa Times said that the new draft allows disputed countries to use Japanese weapons and technology, meaning that Japan will be involved in international conflicts. Liu Jiangping said that Japan’s supply of weapons to countries along the maritime traffic line may also contribute to international disputes. During the Iran-Iraq war, the heavy consequences of Iraq’s and Iran’s use of imported weapons to launch a “ship attack” were a lesson.