Recycled aluminum is an energy-saving, environmentally-friendly and labor-intensive industry. Compared with electrolytic aluminum, energy consumption is less than 5%. According to industry association research, the energy consumption of standard industrial value added by recycled aluminum industry is 0.7-0.9 tons, which is the average level in China. 30% of 2.59 tons).
In the "Eleventh Five-Year Plan" of China, which was introduced not long ago, it was clearly stated that "a number of demonstration projects for recycled aluminum with a capacity of more than 300,000 tons should be established." A little-known industry is attracting people's attention.
The main force of aluminum exports
The raw material of recycled aluminum is waste aluminum, and the product is cast aluminum alloy, which is the “unwrought aluminum alloy” product in the classification tax of China. According to the information provided by the Recycling Metals Branch of the China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association, recycled aluminum exports account for about 85% of the unwrought alloy exports, and all are carried out in the form of processing trade. Only in the first half of 2005, after the export tariff on unwrought aluminum alloy was increased by 5%, the export of recycled aluminum fell sharply. Last year, the export of recycled aluminum was recovering. From January to October, the export volume reached 274,300 tons, accounting for 87.47% of the unwrought aluminum alloy exports.
According to customs statistics, the export of unwrought aluminum alloy from January to October last year was 313,000 tons, which was 1.4 times higher than that of the previous year's export of 129,000 tons. Some people think that behind the sharp increase in the export of unwrought aluminum alloy may be the reason for the export of electrolytic aluminum in disguise. In fact, this argument cannot be overstated. Because for the recycled aluminum industry, 2005 is not a normal business year, due to the country's 5% export tariff on unwrought aluminum alloys, the export of recycled aluminum fell by 38% compared with 2004. If the export volume in 2007 is only 42% compared with the same period in 2004, the increase is only 42%, which is a normal recovery growth. Therefore, the export volume of unwrought aluminum alloys mainly based on recycled aluminum increased normally, and there was no problem of disguised export of electrolytic aluminum that was originally worried.
Recycled aluminum as an unwrought aluminum alloy, its export tax rebate was canceled together with electrolytic aluminum in 2005, and a 5% export tariff was imposed. After the Ministry of Finance, the National Development and Reform Commission and other ministries and commissions in-depth investigation, the State Council approved the cancellation six months later. A 5% export tariff policy is imposed. After this policy adjustment, the relevant government departments realized that the different characteristics of recycled aluminum and electrolytic aluminum and the significance of maintaining the stable development of the recycled aluminum industry, so in the country's further regulation and control policies last year, the recycled aluminum industry has not been affected.
New field of circular economy
Recycled aluminum is an energy-saving, environmentally-friendly and labor-intensive industry. Compared with electrolytic aluminum, energy consumption is less than 5%. According to industry association research, the energy consumption of standard industrial value added by recycled aluminum industry is 0.7-0.9 tons, which is the average level in China. 30% of 2.59 tons of plutonium; pollutant emissions are reduced by more than 97% compared with electrolytic aluminum, and the recycled aluminum industry and related industries provide at least 600,000 jobs. The recycled aluminum industry is suitable for China's national conditions, and its development has been highly valued by the state and has been included in the key areas of China's circular economy construction.
China's recycled aluminum is a young industry. The domestic scrap aluminum recycling period has not yet arrived, and the demand for recycled aluminum market is also being cultivated. The domestic market cannot achieve the reasonable scale required for modern production. Therefore, at present, more than half of the scrap aluminum in China is solved through imports, and about 15% of the products are exported. In recent years, China's recycled aluminum industry has rapidly improved its industrial scale and technology level with the help of the international market. As above, Haixinge Nonferrous Metals Co., Ltd. established China's first modernized 300,000-ton capacity recycled aluminum plant in 2005 and was included in the first batch of circular economy pilot enterprises. Chinalco (601600)'s 200,000 tons recycled aluminum project in Qingdao will also be completed in 2007. The concentration and clean production capacity of the recycled aluminum industry is increasing significantly. In the past, the industry situation of “small, scattered and chaotic” is improving. Only when these modern recycled aluminum plants are fully developed can those small, primitive, and environmentally polluting small workshops be eliminated.
In the current environment, the recycling aluminum industry urgently needs a space for stable development. If tariffs and other policies are suddenly adjusted, these recycled aluminum enterprises will first be affected. If they withdraw from the international market, the domestic market will not be able to accommodate them. They will face the fate of the market-style enterprises and the established resources for the international aluminum scrap market. The initiative will also be seized by countries such as Japan, South Korea and India. This will have a catastrophic impact on the recycled aluminum industry, which is at a critical stage of industrial upgrading.
For the recycled aluminum industry, scale is the basic guarantee for modernization. After years of hard work, China's large-scale recycled aluminum enterprises have built a global procurement network of scrap aluminum resources, which has certain advantages, environmental protection, product quality control is also good, can achieve both domestic and foreign sales, without occupying domestic resources. Provide a large number of employment opportunities and taxes without crowding out the domestic market conditions. If the international market is lost at this time, the company will immediately lose its support for scale. In the case that China's waste recycling system is still not perfect, enterprises will cultivate the domestic market and shift their focus to at least 5-10 years.